Infant adoption is a practice which has lasted throughout the ages, dating way back from the time of the Roman Empire, where adopting young men in order to serve as heirs to dynasties was not an uncommon practice. This has also been carried well into the Middle ages with the same reason, as a means to produce heirs for a certain bloodline and well into the immigration and Civil War eras, where it was used in order to complete and sometimes create families which are torn by all sorts of misfortunes. As of today, even though the steps and procedures may be different than what it was and a little more legally founded and bounded, the principle remains the same: to take care of a child who has either does not have his/her parents available or lost them, in order that he/she may still grow up with a family, which is considered to be the most basic unit of a community, a human community.
There are many reasons and arguments today which greatly back the idea of adoption up. Intra-family adoptions (among the family) adoptions are permitted when one or both of the parents of the child have perished/died which would result in a relation of either parent stepping in to become a step-parent (stepfather or stepmother) for the child, in order to give and re-create a family for the child.
There are other numerous reasons as to why intra-family adoptions should exists such as the wanting to stop the spread of a deadly hereditary disease, abortion alternatives, major complications with pregnancy and childbirth, wanting to not contribute to the problem of overpopulation are just some of the things which contribute to the existence of the intra-family adoptions.
Intra-family adoptions, believe it or not, are in fact happening way more frequently than adoptions happen between families that are unrelated, though the latter are the ones which are more publicized. Similar reasons, nevertheless, are also accounting for the number of unrelated adoptions. Watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jT1Q3W2APU0 to know more about adoption.
Adoptions come in two forms: The first open, and the second closed. In an open adoption, information is freely communicated between the biological parents of the child and the adoptive parents, allowing the involved individuals in the child adoption have access to information regarding his/her adoption, which would include unaltered birth certificates and adoption records.
With limited access in order to avoid abuse, any binding agreements made upon between the adoptive mother and biological parents of the child are also kept in the open. Closed adoptions are a different story on the other hand altogether. In a closed adoptions, usually by a hired lawyer, the records of the adoption and other similar materials are kept confidential.